Some historians doubt the existence of Moses; I do not (I am not trying to imply I am a historian). Not everything in the bible has to be made up. Let us not forget that the old testament was not only a body of laws, it also tried to record the history of the Hebrew people. Unfortunately for us, all ancient historians, and even some today, tended to exaggerate the deeds that favored them, and minimize those against them. That is the case of the people who wrote about Moses. Although he really existed, they wrote unrealistic things about him. Moses was not who they say he was, and did not do what they say he did.
Besides Exodus, there is no another reliable source telling about Moses’ existence, hence the doubts. I think he really lived at the Hebrews’ time. Although I do not think he was a Hebrew; he was an Egyptian. He was really the son of an Egyptian princess. As a matter of fact, in the film “The Exodus Decoded” produced by Felix Golubev and Simcha Jacobovici it is said that the Pharaoh mentioned in Exodus was not Ramses II. They claim that it was Ahmose, which in Hebrew means the brother of Moses. If that is true, Moses had to have had political ambitions. Maybe he wanted to become Pharaoh, or High Priest. When he realized that neither of those positions was available for him, he decided to start his own nation. He did not have to look far way. In his land sojourned some slaves who could be convinced to seek their freedom if he promised to give them a piece of land they could call home. The only problem he had was that he was an Egyptian. How could the slaves trust him? He needed somebody from the inside to help him convince them. He decided to contact Aaron. He told him of his intentions of freeing the Hebrew people, and Aaron could not let this opportunity slide. For 430 years they had been in servitude. It was about time for them to be free, so Aaron agreed on helping Moses.
I do not think Moses tried to bargain with Pharaoh, nor I think he brought the plagues or anything of the sort. He asked Aaron to tell his people to gather all the gold, silver and jewels they had to bribe the guards, and have the people dressed, fed and ready to flee. They set out towards the Red Sea, or Reed Sea, because at the time, Pharaoh had withdrawn his troops from that border to send them to the north, because they were being attacked by the Sea People. There was no parting of the waters. They could have easily gone around the lake. With no Pharaoh’s soldiers on their backs, they had plenty of time to make a little detour. By the time Pharaoh was informed of their escape, it was too late. The Hebrews had been long gone.
Moses knew that he needed to find some allies to help him control the people in case they revolted against him. He saw that the Levites were fit for the job, so he told them if they helped them, they would become the priests the new nation would need. That was why they were more than ready to kill almost 3,000 of their brothers at Mount Sinai, after they had asked Aaron to make a new god for them to follow.
He also had to come up with some rules for his new people if he really wanted to take control of them. That was when he came up with the ten commandments and the rest of the laws he laid for the children of Israel.
After reaching Canaan and realizing that there was no way they could defeat the dwellers of the land, he decided to go back to train and increase his army. Forty years it took him to get prepared. Unfortunately for him, he died before conquering the land.
The events after his death were the ones that showed me Moses was not Hebrew. His children did not inherit the right of the priesthood or leadership of the army. As a matter of fact, they have no role in any biblical event.
We know that the Hebrews despised foreigners. They called them uncircumcised or gentiles, but these were Moses’ children! Apparently, that was not enough to be considered a Hebrew.
As soon as Moses died, the real Hebrew took control of the new nation. Aaron’s children were given the priesthood and Joshua was given the army’s leadership. All connections to Moses were terminated.
The Levites who wrote the old testament had to have a very hard time when writing about Moses. They could not change the fact that it was a foreigner, and not a Hebrew, the one who was their first messiah. What they could change, though, was the messiah’s birth history. Taking advantage of the fact that Moses was an obscure figure in Egypt, and that the royal family had excluded him from the chronicles, they solved their problem by creating the story of the Hebrew girl who had a baby which she had to cast away on the River Nile. There! Moses was a Hebrew now.
They certainly did not forget to include a story of how Jealous (A.K.A. Yahweh or Jehovah) told him to free his people. The same people he told to come down to Egypt. The same people he promised he would never abandon. The same people he forgot for 430 years.
Something similar happened when they were deported to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar. No Hebrew could do anything to free his brethren. When they were finally liberated, not by a Hebrew but by a Persian, the writers of the bible could not use the same subterfuge they used with Moses. Cyrus the Great was well known to say he was the son of a Hebrew girl, so they could only say that he was sent by Jealous (A.K.A. Yahweh or Jehovah) to set his children free. Are you seeing the lies now? During Nebuchadnezzar’s time, the almighty could not blow walls down; could not smite any Babylonian firstborns, let alone its soldiers; could not raise the waters of the Euphrates and flood the city; could not send any plagues. The only thing he could do was to send a complete stranger; one of those uncircumcised men the Hebrew so much despised to become their champion.
Was Cyrus really sent by Jealous (A.K.A. Yahweh or Jehovah)? Of course not! That was just what the Levites wrote to save their god’s face. Cyrus had his own gods. He simply was the most powerful king at that time. He defeated Babylon and he decided to restore the children of Israel their land.
Moses’ relationship with the Hebrew people died along with him in the wilderness. They did not want to continue depending on gentiles, so they decided to cut once and for all with any ties they had with him. No matter how great his feats were, Moses’ children had no right to be part of the Hebrew nation. The children of Israel had gone to the extreme of marrying their own sisters to keep their blood pure, and they were not willing to let anybody stain their lineage, not even their savior’s children.
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