No matter how hard scientists have tried to prove that evolution is a fact, creationists regard their findings as biased and non-reliable. So, to prove that the theory of creation does not explain the origin of humanity, we have to stop working in the lab and start searching in the bible.
After thoroughly studying the sacred book of the Hebrew, I discovered that, contrary to what all Judeo-Christians believe, Yahweh or Jehovah did not create all humans. He just created the Hebrews. And that was the common belief until Constantine, the Roman emperor, decided to impose Christianity as the official religion throughout the Roman Empire.
For all the different cultures embedded in the empire to accept the new god, they had to be, in some way, related to him. The only way to achieve that was telling them that Yahweh or Jehovah had not only created the Hebrews, but also the rest of humanity. Then, Constantine had the colossal job of redesigning the scriptures, so that they explained how god created us all. He appointed bishops from all the corners of the empire to meet in Nicaea in Bithynia (present day Turkey) in 325 CE to make all the changes necessary to the Hebrew bible, to make it include the different peoples in the empire. That was not an easy task, and the result, as good as Christians think it is, was not perfect. And it was those imperfections that trigged my first question. Why, if god is all wisdom and always perfect, his book is so imperfect? Could it be that it was like that because it was not god’s work but man’s?
The tale of the creation of mankind by god is far from flawless.
According to Genesis, god created Adam and Eve on the sixth day.
1:26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
1:27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.
A question comes to my mind as I am reading these two passages:
What age equivalent were Adam and Eve when they were created? The bible does not say anything about it but since they were ready to “know” each other, I think Adam was 20 and Eve was 18. Eve could have been even younger because in those lands, at that time, women were conceiving at 13 or 14 years of age.
Let us read the next quote:
2:16 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:
2:17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.
Now I have several questions:
Why did god leave the tree of knowledge unprotected if he did not want Adam and Eve to eat from it?
Or even better, why did he create it, if they were supposed to remain ignorant?
If he was counting on them to discover it and eat from it, why did he punish them?
If it was necessary for Adam and Eve to acquire that knowledge, why did god not create them already knowing everything they needed to know?
This does not look like a perfect plan to me, and the cascade of questions keeps coming:
Did god have a plan B for procreation in case Eve did not induce Adam to eat from the tree? I hope his plan B was not for humans to procreate like plants do.
If god was counting on Adam and Eve to commit the “original” sin to populate the earth, why are the babies considered sinners?
And last but not least, if Adam and Eve were the first humans created by god, who created the others?
What others? You might be wondering. There was nobody else at the time Adam and Eve were created.
Lets us read the following passages to shed light on this matter:
4:8 And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.
4:9 And the LORD said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother? And he said I know not: Am I my brother's keeper?
4:10 And he said, what hast thou done? The voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground.
4:11 And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hathopened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand;
4:12 When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.
4:13 And Cain said unto the LORD, My punishment is greater than I can bear.
4:14 Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me.
4:15 And the LORD said unto him, therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him.
This particular dialogue between god and Cain is very revealing. Cain is afraid of being driven away because someone might kill him; therefore, Cain knew there were other people where he was heading. Furthermore, those people were his enemies, because people only fear their foes.
Cain knew he would find others in the place he was going to. Where did those “other people” come from? Were they created by the same god? Were there other gods creating their own people?
By now, you might be thinking, “Well, Cain knew nothing. He could have said anything for god not to expel him from Eden.” But it was not only Cain who insinuated the existence of other people co-inhabiting the land at the same time Adam, Eve and their son were. God himself did it, too! He also acknowledged the presence of others. When Cain told him, “it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me.” God, with all his wisdom, should have said, “Cain, don’t be a knucklehead. Who on earth is going to slay you? You have just killed Abel, your brother. So you and your parents are the only people alive so far! Furthermore, Adam and Eve will remain here. Who could possibly run into you and murder you? There is nobody out there!” But he did not say that. Instead, he told Cain, “whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him.”
God even put a mark on Cain! Why would a mark be necessary if no others were dwelling on the land? But all-knowing god marked him to prevent him from being hurt. Even if you do not want to see it, god is telling you that there were others out there.
I know that believers in the bible say that later, Adam and Eve were to have more children and any of them could have run into Cain and kill him. That would be a very lame explanation. Nobody is afraid of something he or she knows does not exist. Cain did not fear anyone in the future. He was afraid of going out there at that very moment, tacitly conceding the existence of other humans.
Now let us occupy ourselves with the case of Cain. If you noticed, the writers of the bible created a woman for Adam but did not bother in creating one for Cain. They knew he had to leave Eden. Why did they not write, “And Cain took with him one of his sisters to the land of Nod to start his family?” They did not have to bother in doing that. They took for granted he was going to meet a woman in the place he was heading to. With that, not only god and Cain acknowledged the presence of others, the writers of the bible, too, knew of the others.
Let’s read the next quotes:
4:16 And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.
4:17 And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch.
4:18 And unto Enoch was born Irad: and Irad begat Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methusael: and Methusael begat Lamech.
4:19 And Lamech took unto him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.
4:20 And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle.
4:21 And his brother's name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ.
4:22 And Zillah, she also bare Tubalcain, an instructer of every artificer in brass and iron: and the sister of Tubalcain was Naamah.
4:23 And Lamech said unto his wives, Adah and Zillah, Hear my voice; ye wives of Lamech, hearken unto my speech: for I have slain a man to my wounding, and a young man to my hurt.
4:24 If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold.
After being marked by god, Cain left and resided in the land of Nod. Which bring us to the next questions: who was Nod? He had to be somebody important to have a piece of land named after him, and if he was an important person, who gave him that importance? He had to be important to others. And again, who were those “others”? Where did they come from? Were they also Adam and Eve’s children? Impossible! That is yet another proof, that there were others co-existing with Cain.
If at the time Cain left Eden there were no other inhabitants on earth, why did this place have a name? Who named it? Only people name places.
Believers might argue that the writers of the bible wrote about these events later on. So at the time they were writing this particular passage, that land had already a name; therefore they used it. If that had been the case, they would have written, “And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land we now know as Nod, on the east of Eden. But they did not write that.
Nod had been the name of that place since the time of Cain. And god did not name it either. Everything indicates that there were others living there.
When Cain left Eden, he did not take any of his alleged sisters with him, yet he “knew” his wife. Did he come back to get her? What did Adam and Eve tell him for killing Abel?
Let us concede, without accepting, that Cain married one of his own sisters. If that were the case, we would have several possible scenarios. Let us analyze two of them:
Adam and Eve started having children, one every other year. Let us assume that Cain was 20 when he killed Abel, so the list of Adam’s children would look something like this:
Adam, 20 knew Eve, 18
Adam, 41/ Eve, 39
Daughter 1 16
Daughter 2 14
Daughter 3 12
Daughter 4 10
Daughter 5 8
Daughter 6 6
Daughter 7 4
Assuming they did not have twins or any other multiple birth.
Why so many daughters? You might be wondering. Cain just needed one wife. Yes. But for some reason, Cain and his descendants could not procreate any daughters, not until the fifth generation, so Adam and Eve had to be the providers of the females they all needed.
Cain, 20, knew his oldest sister, 16, and begat Enoch.
Let us assume that Enoch was 16 when he knew his wife. That partner may have been Adam’s daughter 2, Enoch’s aunt, who, at the time, had to be 31 and he begat Irad.
Assuming Irad was also 16 when he knew his wife_ his grand aunt_ Adam’s daughter 3 who, at that time had to be 29 + 17 = 46, and begat Mehujael.
Assuming Mehujael was also 16 when he knew his wife_ his great aunt_ Adam’s daughter 4 who, at the time, had to be 44 + 17 = 61, and begat Methusael.
Assuming Methusael was also 16 when he knew his wife _his great great aunt_ Adam’s daughter 5 who, at the time, had to be 59 + 17 = 76, and begat Lameck.
Assuming Lameck was also 16 when he knew his wives. Yes. Believe it or not, despite the shortage of women, he got two of them _ his great great great aunts_ Adam’s daughters 6 and 7 who, at the time, had to be 74 + 17 = 91 and the other 89, and begat Jabal, Jubal, Tubalcain and Naamah (a female at last).
Do you not think these last four ladies were a bit too old to bear children? Can you picture these elderly ladies committing the “original” sin with a 16-year-old? And that is assuming their husbands were just 16. If they were older, the women’s age would be greater.
No matter from what perspective I see it; this plan of god’s for populating the earth looks so imperfect.
Let us suppose that Adam and Eve did not have their daughters every other year, but at the same time his son, his grandson, etc. were having them.
Adam, 20 & Eve, 18= Cain, Abel, daughter 1
Adam, 41& Eve, 39 = daughter 2
Cain, 20 & his sister, 16 = Enoch
Adam, 58 & Eve, 56 = daughter 3
Enoch, 16 & his aunt 16 = Irad
Adam, 72 & Eve, 70 = daughter 4
Irad, 16 & his aunt 16 = Mehujael
Adam, 88 & Eve, 86 = daughter 5
Mehujael,16 & his aunt, 16 = Methusael
Adam, 105 & Eve, 103 = daughter 6
Methusael, 16 & his aunt 16 = Lameck
Adam, 107 & Eve, 105 = daughter 7
Lameck, 16 & aunts = Jabal, Jubal, Tubalcain and Naamah
Lucky Seth! He had three choices to mate: a sister, a niece or both!
In this scenario, Adam and Eve are the ones who are too old to procreate from their daughter 4 on.
There are more different scenarios, but it is not necessary to examine them all, because we all know what happens in interfamily marriages. With incestuous families like these ones, humanity would have had no chance to survive.
No matter how hard I try the story of Adam, Eve and Cain, it does not make sense to me. The only way it makes sense is considering the option the original writers of the bible had. They did not create a woman for Cain, because they knew there were some in Nod for him to get a wife. And they did not make him and his descendants procreate daughters due to the same reason.
Now let us go on. Genesis also states that Cain built a city:
4:17 And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch.
Who would need a city for just three people? (Cain, Cain’s wife, and Enoch) With three people you can start a home, but a city? To found a city, Cain needed not only buildings, he also needed people. Why would anybody construct houses and edifices if no other people were dwelling around? This is one more proof that there were others dwelling with him.
It is evident that the writers of these tales were not trying to prove the origin of the human race. They were just trying to explain how their people came to be. They knew there were others around them, but they did not care about those individuals. If they went through all the trouble of creating a woman for Adam, it was not because there were no women from which Adam could have gotten a wife. They created Eve, because they wanted their race to be pure. We all know that Jews do not like interracial marriages. They try to keep their blood from getting contaminated. So it made perfect sense for them to create a woman to make their blood immaculate.
The Levites did not bother in creating a woman for Cain because they knew that in Nod, he would meet one. Besides, the bible writers did not have to make Cain’s descendants pure because the Hebrew people were not to be conceived through his lineage. Killing his brother Abel disqualified him as a founder of Israel, so any woman from those cities around would have been fine. As a Matter of fact, Cain’s descendants disappeared from the bible short before the birth of Seth.
Furthermore, Seth was the third son of Adam and Eve’s.
4:25 And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she, hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew.
I say Seth was the third son because of the good aim of Adam’s. It seems that every time he “knew” Eve, she got pregnant. Let us read those passages again:
4:1 And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD.
4:2 And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.
See? They never say that she had any daughters in between Abel and Seth. Even conceding that Adam and Eve had any daughters, they had to be younger that Seth. And Seth was born short after Lameck’s daughter was born, so none of Adam’s daughters were available for Cain or his descendants.
The bishops in Nicaea thought that by adding: (Genesis) 5:4 and he begat sons and daughters: They would solve the problem of Cain getting a wife. But things were not that simple. Cain should have had a daughter for his son Enoch; Enoch one for his son Irad, and so forth.
The bishops in Nicaea did not see the need of everything in the bible to be perfect, because they could always make those imperfections invisible by taking the following precautions:
- Not letting the bible be translated into any vulgar language. Latin and Greek were the only languages permitted.
- Keeping the population as illiterate as possible.
- Killing all those who overcame the first two obstacles.
Now that they cannot do any of those things, they have to come with a better explanation on the creation of mankind.
Conciliating, I’ll concede that the Hebrews are Adam and Eve’s descendants (Saying this feels weird) and the rest of us are the descendants of the others. And those others are the ones who evolved from primates.
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